Different Paths and
Yoga, raja yoga, bhakti yoga and jnana yoga are different paths of
yoga is unselfish performance of prescribed duty in complete
renunciation of fruits of action. Whatever one does is done as a
service to God to appease Him. Karma must be done the best possible
way which nobody else can do better. Renunciation of fruits means
not expecting a particular result, neither good nor bad. Whatever be
the result, he should be content with it, without elation with good
result nor dejection with bad result.
involves the eight fold discipline prescribed in Patanjali yoga
system. They areyama, niyama, asana, pranayama, pratyahara,
dharana, dhyana and samadhi. These must be learnt from an adept
yogi guru and must be began early when the body is young and
Bhakti yoga is devotion to God. Listening to
and singing the glory of the Lord, remembering, serving,
worshipping, prostrating, and making friendship and self surrender
to the Lord is described as nine ways of devotion. Japa or the
repetition of the holy name is the easiest form of bhakti. Raja yoga
and jnana yoga which demand severe penance and renunciation are
difficult in Kaliyuga. People have weak body and mind because they
indulge in unlawful, illegal and immoral activities. For them japa
with faith and devotion is the easiest way to salvation. Anybody at
anytime, without any prerequisites can do japa.
japa yajno' asmi : I am japa yajna, the best of all yajnas, says
Lord Krishna in Gita, Meditation along with japa, that is
remembering God constantly while repeating the holy name gives quick
results. Even the repetition mechanically, called namochhara, slowly
gives good results in the long run. Therefore japa never goes
destroys sins of even wicked hearted who unintentionally remember
Him. Just as the fire burns even those who unintentionally touch it.
Satsanga, the company and service of sages, is an effective part of
bhakti, satsanga burns the sins just as the fire burns everything
coming in contact with it. It is the best way to purify the
Jnana yoga demands four-fold discipline as
I. The discriminative knowledge of the eternal
and the transient.
ii. Aversion to enjoyment of fruits and
deeds on earth and heaven.
iii. Discarding fanciful
imagination, control of senses, regression from the objects of
pleasure, forbearance, contentment and faith in guru &
desire for liberation from bondage.
these qualifications one should approach a realised guru, surrender
and serve with devotion and when guru is pleased, he should ask for
instructions on Upanishads.
must acquire that knowledge by prostrating at the feet of the wise,
serving them with devotion and beseeching them for
instructions. ( Gita 4.34)
One should approach
with offerings in hand a guru well versed in Vedas and firmly
absorbed in the contemplation of the Supreme in order to know the
Truth. ( Mundaka up, 1.2.12)